2017

Britten, GL, Dowd M, Kanary L, Worm B (2017) Extended fisheries recovery timelines in a changing environment. Nature Communications 8:15325 doi:10.1038/ncomms15325
Britten_etal_2017-Extended-Fisheries-Mgmt.pdf download View | Download

Britten GL, Dowd M, Worm B (2017) Rebuilding global fisheries in a nonstationary environment. Nature Communications in press.

Defeo O, Barboza CA, Barboza FR, Aeberhard WH, Cabrini T, Cardoso RS, Ortega L, Skinner V, Worm B (2017) Aggregate patterns of macrofaunal diversity: An interocean comparison. Global Ecology and Biogeography 26:823–834
Defeo_et_al-2017-Aggregate-patterns-macrofaunal-diversity.pdf download View | Download

Johanson AN, Oschlies A, Hasselbring W, Worm B (2017) SPRAT: A spatially-explicit marine ecosystem model based on population balance equations. Ecological Modelling 349:11–25

Johanson_etal_2017-SPRAT.pdf download View | Download

Roberts CM, O’Leary BC, McCauley DJ, Cury PM, Duarte CM, Lubchenco J, Pauly D, Saenz-Arroyo A, Sumaila UR, Wilson RW, Worm B, Castilla JC (2017) Marine reserves can mitigate and promote adaptation to climate change. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 114:24 6167–6175.

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Worm B (2017) Marine conservation: How to heal an ocean. Nature 543:7647, 630–631 doi:10.1038/nature21895

Worm_2017-How-to-heal-an-ocean.pdf download View | Download

2016

Britten GL, Dowd M, Worm B (2016) Changing recruitment capacity in global fish stocks. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 113:134-139

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Britten GL, Dowd M, Worm B (2016) Recognizing ecological income inequality in the ocean. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences Early Edition:1-2

Britten-et-al-2016_Recognizing-ecological-income-inequality-in-the-ocean.pdf download View | Download

McCauley DJ, Woods P, Sullivan B, Bergman B, Jablonicky C, Roan A, Hirshfield M, Boerder K, Worm B (2016) Ending hide and seek at sea. Science 351(6278):1148-1150

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Worm B (2016) Averting a global fisheries disaster. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences Early Edition, doi:10.1073/pnas.1604008113 

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2015

Boudreau S, Anderson S, Worm B (2015) Top-down and bottom-up forces interact at thermal range extremes on American lobster. Journal of Animal Ecology 84:840-850  
Boudreau_et-al-_2015.pdf download View | Download

Boyce DG, Frank KT, Worm B, Leggett WC (2015) Spatial patterns and predictors of trophic control in marine ecosystems. Ecology Letters 18:1001-1011

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Boyce DG, Worm B (2015) Patterns and ecological implications of historical marine phytoplankton change. Marine Ecology Progress Series 534:251-272

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Dureuil M, Worm B (2015) Estimating growth from tagging data: an application to north-east Atlantic tope shark Galeorhinus galeus, Journal of Fish Biology, 87, 1389-1410, doi:10.1111/jfb.12830

Dureuil-and-Worm-2015.pdf download View | Download

M Dureuil, AV Towner, LG Ciolfi & LA Beck (2015) A computer-aided framework for subsurface identification of white shark pigment patterns, African Journal of Marine Science, 37:3, 363-371, DOI: 10.2989/1814232X.2015.1077888

Dureuil-et-al-2015-Sub-surface-ID-white-sharks.pdf download View | Download
Worm B (2015) A most unusual (super)predator. Science 349: 784-785
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Worm B (2015) Silent spring in the ocean. Proceedings of the National academy of Sciences 112:11752-11753

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Yasuhara M, Tittensor DP, Hillebrand H, Worm B (2015) Combining marine macroecology and palaeoecology in understanding biodiversity: microfossils as a model. Biological Reviews doi: 10.1111/brv.12223

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2014

Boyce DG, Dowd M, Lewis MR, Worm B (2014) Estimating global chlorophyll changes over the past century. Progress in Oceanography 122:163–173
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Britten G, Dowd M, Minto C, Ferretti F, Boero F, Lotze H (2014) Predator decline leads to decreased stability in a coastal fish community. Ecology Letters 17: 1518-1525  
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Hussey N, Cosandey-Godin A, Walter R, Hedges K, VanGerwen-Toyne M, Barkley A, Kessel S, Fisk A (2014) Juvenile Greenland sharks Somniosus microcephalus (Bloch & Schneider, 1801) in the Canadian Arctic. Polar Biology  1-13, DOI 10.1007/s00300-014-1610-y  
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Lewandowska AM, Boyce DG, Hofmann M, Matthiessen B, Sommer U,  Worm B (2014) Effects of sea surface warming on marine plankton. Ecology Letters 17:614-623
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Minto C, Flemming JM, Britten GL, Worm B (2014) Productivity dynamics of Atlantic cod. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 71: 203–216
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Reglero P, Tittensor D, Álvarez-Berastegui D, Aparicio-González A, Worm B (2014) Worldwide distributions of tuna larvae: revisiting hypotheses on environmental requirements for spawning habitats. Marine Ecology Progress Series 501:207-224
Reglero_etal_2014.pdf download View | Download
Tittensor D, Walpole M, Hill S, Boyce D, Britten G, Burgess N, Butchart S, Leadley P, Regan E, Alkemade R, Baumung R, Bellard C, Bouwman L, Bowles-Newark N, Chenery A, Cheung W, Christensen V, Cooper D, Crowther A, Dixon M, Galli A, Gaveau V, Gregory R, Gutierrez N, Hirsch T, Höft R, Januchowski-Hartley S, Karmann M, Krug C, Leverington F, Loh J, Lojenga R, Malsch K, Marques A, Morgan D, Mumby P, Newbold T, Noonan-Mooney K, Pagad S, Parks B, Pereira H, Robertson T, Rondinini C, Santini L, Scharlemann J, Schindler S, Sumaila R, Teh L, van Klock J, Visconti P, Ye Y (2014) A mid-term analysis of progress toward international biodiversity targets. Science 346: 241
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Ward-Paige C, Britten G, Bethea D, Carlson J (2014) Characterizing and predicting essential habitat features for juvenile coastal sharks. Marine Ecology 1-13, doi: 10.1111/maec.12151  
Ward-Paige-et-al.-2014.pdf download View | Download

2013

Chapman D, Frisk MJ, Abercrombie DL, Safina C, Gruber SH, Babcock EA, Feldheim KA, Pikitch EK, Ward-Paige C, Davis B, Kessel S, Heithaus M, Worm B (2013) Give Shark Sanctuaries a Chance. Science VOL 339.
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Collie J, Minto C, Worm B, Bell R (2013) Predation on prerecruits can delay rebuilding of depleted cod stocks. Bulletin of Marine Science 89: 107-122
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Davis B, VanderZwaag DL, Cosandey-Godin A, Hussey NE, Kessel ST, Worm B (2013) The Conservation of the Greenland Shark (Somniosus microcephalus): Setting Scientific, Law, and Policy Coordinates for Avoiding a Species at Risk. Journal of International Wildlife Law & Policy 16:300–330
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Godin AC, Wimmer T, Wang JH, Worm B (2013) No effect from rare-earth metal deterrent on shark bycatch in a commercial pelagic longline trial. Fisheries Research 143: 131-135
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Olonscheck D, Hofmann M, Worm B, Schellnhuber HJ (2013) Decomposing the effects of ocean warming on chlorophyll a concentrations into physically and biologically driven contributions. Environmental Research Letters 8:014043
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Pinsky ML, Worm B, Fogarty MJ, Sarmiento JL, Levin SA (2013) Marine Taxa Track Local Climate Velocities. Science 341: 1239-1242
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Ward-Paige C, Davis B, Worm B (2013) Global Population Trends and Human Use Patterns of Manta and Mobula Rays. PLoS ONE 8:e74835
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Worm B (2013) Overfishing in a nutshell. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 28: 133 (book review)
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Worm B, Davis B, Kettermer L, Ward-Paige CA, Chapman D, Heithaus MR, Kessel ST, Gruber SH (2013) Global catches, exploitation rates, and rebuilding options for sharks. Marine Policy 40: 194–204.
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2012

Boudreau SA, Worm B (2012) The ecological role of large benthic decapods in marine ecosystems: a review. Marine Ecology Progress Series 469:195-213

doi: 10.3354/meps09862

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Boyce D, Lewis M, Worm B (2012) Integrating global phytoplankton data from 1890 to 2010. Limnology and Oceanography: Methods 10:840–852

doi: 10.4319/lom.2012.10.840

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Davis B, Worm B (2012) The International Plan of Action for Sharks: How does national implementation measure up? Marine Policy 38: 312–320

doi: 10.1016/j.marpol.2012.06.007

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Godin AC, Carlson JK, Burgener V (2012) The effect of circle hooks on shark catchability and at-vessel mortality rates in longlines fisheries. Bulletin of Marine Science 88(3):469–483

doi: 10.5343/bms.2011.1054

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Harnik PG, Lotze HK, Anderson SC, Finkel ZV, Finnegan S, Lindberg DR, Liow LH, Lockwood R, McClain CR, McGuire JL, O'Dea A, Pandolfi J, Simpson C, Tittensor DP (2012) Extinctions in ancient and modern seas. Trends in Ecology & Evolution 27(11): 608-617

doi:10.1016/j.tree.2012.07.010

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Lucifora LO, García VB, Worm B (2012) Spatial patterns in the diversity of sharks, rays, and chimaeras (Chondrichthyes) in the Southwest Atlantic. Biological Conservation 21:407-419

doi: 10.1007/s10531-011-0189-7

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McClain CR, Allen AP, Tittensor DP, Rex MA (2012) Energetics of life on the deep seafloor Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 109(38): 15366-15371 doi/10.1073/pnas.1208976109
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Minto C, Worm B (2012) Interactions between small pelagic fish and young cod across the North Atlantic Ecology 93: 2139–2154
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Mora C, Treml EA, Roberts J, Crosby K, Roy D, Tittensor DP (2012) High connectivity among habitats precludes the relationship between dispersal and range size in tropical reef fishes. Ecography 35: 89–96

doi: 10.1111/j.1600-0587.2011.06874.x

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Tittensor DP (2012) Scorecard for the seas. Nature 488: 594-595
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Ward-Paige CA, Keith D, Worm B, Lotze HK (2012) Recovery potential and conservation options for elasmobranchs. Journal of Fish Biology 80: 1844-1869

doi:10.1111/j.1095-8649.2012.03246.x

Ward-PaigeEtAl_2012_JFB_SharkRecovery.pdf download View | Download
Worm B (2012) Overfishing in a nutshell. Trends in Ecology & Evolution Vol. 28, No. 3.

doi: org/10.1016/j.tree.2012.10.003

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Worm B, Branch TA (2012) The future of fish. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 27: 594-599 

doi:10.1016/j.tree.2012.07.005. 

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Yesson C, Taylor ML, Tittensor DP, Davies AJ, Guinotte J, Baco A, Black J, Hall-Spencer JM, Rogers AD (2012) Global habitat suitability of cold-water octocorals. Journal of Biogeography 39: 1278–1292

doi:10.1111/j.1365-2699.2011.02681.x

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2011

Boudreau SA, Anderson SC, Worm B (2011) Top-down interactions and temperature control of snow crab abundance in the northwest Atlantic Ocean. Marine Ecology Progress Series 429: 169–183 doi: 10.3354/meps09081
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Boyce DG, Lewis MR, Worm B (2011) Is there a decline in marine phytoplankton? Boyce et al. reply. Nature 472: E8-E9
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Hofmann M, Worm B, Rahmstorf S, Schellnhuber HJ (2011) Declining ocean chlorophyll under unabated anthropogenic CO2 emissions. Environmental Research Letters 6: e034035
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Kaschner K, Tittensor D, Ready J, Gerrodette T, Worm B (2011) Current and future patterns of marine mammal biodiversity. PLoS ONE 6: e19653
Kaschner_etal_2011.pdf download View | Download
Lucifora LO, García VB, Worm B (2011) Global diversity hotspots and conservation priorities for sharks. PLoS ONE 6:e19356
doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0019356
Database
Lucifora_etal_2011.pdf download View | Download
Mora C, Tittensor DP, Adl S, Simpson AGB, Worm B (2011) How many species are there on Earth and in the ocean? PLoS Biology 9: e1001127

doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.1001127

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Steneck RS, Hughes TP, Cinner JE, Adger WN, Arnold SN, Berkes F, Boudreau SA, Brown K, Folke C, Gunderson L, Olsson P, Scheffer M, Stephenson E, Walker B, Wilson J, Worm B (2011) Creation of a gilded trap by the high economic value of the Maine lobster fishery. Conservation Biology 25:904-912

doi: 10.1111/j.1523-1739.2011.01717.x

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Trebilco R, Halpern BS, Flemming JM, Field C, Blanchard W, Worm B (2011) Mapping biodiversity and human impact drivers to assess global conservation priorities in the open ocean. Biological Conservation 144: 758–1766
Trebilco-et-al-2011_Biological-Conservation.pdf download View | Download
Worm B, Tittensor DP (2011) Range contraction in large pelagic predators. Proc. Natl Acad. Sci. USA 108: doi:10.1073/pnas.1102353108.
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2010

Boudreau SA, Worm B (2010) Top-down control of lobster in the Gulf of Maine: insights from local ecological knowledge and research surveys. Marine Ecology Progress Series 402: 181-191
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Boyce D, Lewis M, Worm B (2010) Global phytoplankton decline over the last century. Nature 466: 591-596

doi:10.1038/nature09268

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Cosandey Godin A, Worm B (2010) Keeping the lead: how to strengthen shark conservation and management policies in Canada. Marine Policy 34: 995-1001

doi:10.1016/j.marpol.2010.02.006

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Ferretti F, Worm B, Britten G, Heithaus MR, Lotze HK (2010) Patterns and ecosystem consequences of shark declines in the ocean. Ecology Letters 13: 1055-1071
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Heithaus MR, Frid A, Vaudo JJ, Worm B, Wirsing AJ (2010) Unraveling the ecological importance of elasmobranchs. In Carrier JC, Musick JA, Heithaus, MR (eds) Sharks and Their Relatives II: Biodiversity, Adaptive Physiology, and Conservation. CRC Press 608-633

View Book

McCauley DJ, Micheli F, Young H, Tittensor DP, Brumbaugh DR, Madin EMP, Holmes KE, Dunbar R, Smith J, Lotze HK, Arnold SN, Worm B (2010) Acute effects of removing large fish from a near-pristine coral reef. Marine Biology 157: 2739-2750
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Tittensor DP, Mora C, Jetz W, Lotze HK, Ricard D, Vanden Berghe, E, Worm B (2010) Global patterns and predictors of marine biodiversity across taxa. Nature 466: 1098-1101

doi:10.1038/nature09329

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Whitehead H, O’Brien K, Worm B (2010) Diversity of deep-water cetaceans and primary productivity. Marine Ecology Progress Series 408: 1-5
Whitehead_et_al_2010_MEPS.pdf download View | Download
Worm B, Lotze HK, Jonsen I, Muir C. 2010. The Future of Marine Animal Populations. Chapter 16. In: McIntyre AD (ed) Life in the World's Oceans: Diversity, Distribution and Abundance. Blackwell Publishing Ltd., Oxford 315-330

Online Version

2009

 Baum JK, Worm B (2009) Cascading top-down effects of changing oceanic predator abundances. Journal of Animal Ecology 78:699-714

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Lotze, HK, Worm B (2009) Historical baselines for large marine animals. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 24:254-262

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Mora C, Myers RA, Coll M, Libralato S, Pitcher TJ, Sumaila RU, Zeller D, Watson R, Gaston KJ, Worm B (2009) Management effectiveness of the world's marine fisheries. PLoS Biology 7:e1000131

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Worm B, Hilborn R, Baum JK, Branch TA, Collie JS, Costello C, Fogarty MJ, Fulton EA, Hutchings JA, Jennings S, Jensen OP, Lotze HK, Mace PM, McClanahan TR, Minto C, Palumbi SR, Parma AM, Ricard D, Rosenberg AA, Watson R, Zeller D (2009) Rebuilding global fisheries. Science 325: 578-585

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2008

 Boyce D, Tittensor D, Worm B (2008) Effects of temperature on global patterns of tuna and billfish richness. Marine Ecology Progress Series 355:267-276

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Ehlers A, Worm B, Reusch TBH (2008) Importance of genetic diversity in eelgrass Zostera marina for its resilience to global warming. Marine Ecology Progress Series 355:1-7

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Heithaus MR, Frid A, Wirsing AJ, Worm B (2008) Predicting ecological consequences of marine top predator declines. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 23:202-210

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Whitehead H, McGill B, Worm B. (2008) Diversity of deep-water cetaceans in relation to temperature: implications for ocean warming. Ecology Letters 11: 1198–1207

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2007

 Tittensor D, Micheli F, Nyström M, Worm B (2007) Human impacts on the species-area relationship in reef fish assemblages. Ecology Letters 10: 760–772

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 Worm B, Barbier EB, Beaumont N, Duffy JE, Folke C, Halpern BS, Jackson JBC, Lotze HK, Micheli F, Palumbi SR, Sala E, Selkoe K, Stachowicz JJ, Watson R (2007) Response to comment on 'Impacts of biodiversity loss on ocean ecosystem services'. Science 316:1285

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Hughes TP, Gunderson LH, Folke C, Baird AH, Bellwood D, Berkes F, Crona B, Helfgott A, Leslie H, Norberg J, Nyström M, Olsson P, Österblom H, Scheffer M, Schuttenberg H, Steneck RS, Tengö M, Troell M, Walker B, Wilson J, Worm B (2007) Adaptive management of the Great Barrier Reef and the Grand Canyon World Heritage Areas. Ambio 36:586-592

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Myers RA, Boudreau SA, Kenney RD, Moore MJ, Rosenberg AA, Sherrill-Mix SA, Worm B (2007) Saving endangered whales at no cost. Current Biology 17:R10-R11

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Worm B, Barbier EB, Beaumont N, Duffy JE, Folke C, Halpern BS, Jackson JBC, Lotze HK, Micheli F, Palumbi SR, Sala E, Selkoe K, Stachowicz JJ, Watson R (2007) Biodiversity loss in the ocean: How bad is it? Response. Science 316:1282-1284

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2006

  Worm B, Lotze HK (2006) Effects of eutrophication, grazing, and algal blooms on rocky shores. Limnology and Oceanography 51:569-579

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 Berkes F, Hughes TP, Steneck RS, Wilson JA, Bellwood DR, Crona B, Folke C, Gunderson LH, Leslie HM, Norberg J, Nyström M, Olsson P, Österblom H, Scheffer M, Worm B (2006) Globalization, roving bandits, and marine resources. Science 311:1557-1558

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 Worm B, Barbier EB, Beaumont N, Duffy JE, Folke C, Halpern BS, Jackson JBC, Lotze HK, Micheli F, Palumbi SR, Sala E, Selkoe K, Stachowicz JJ, Watson R (2006) Impacts of biodiversity loss on ocean ecosystem services. Science 314:787-790

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Hughes TP, Berkes F, Steneck RS, Wilson JA, Bellwood DR, Crona B, Folke C, Gunderson LH, Leslie HM, Norberg J, Nyström M, Olsson P, Österblom H, Scheffer M, Worm B (2006) Keeping bandits at bay: Reply. Science 313: 614

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Worm B (2006) Armageddon in the oceans. Science 314:1546 (book review)

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2005

 Myers RA, Worm B (2005) Decline of Pacific tuna populations exaggerated? - Reply. Nature 434: doi:10.1038/nature03582

Myers_Worm_2005_Nature.pdf download View | Download

Lotze HK, Reise K, Worm B, Van Beusekom J, Busch M, Ehlers A, Heinrich D, Hoffmann RC, Holm P, Jensen C, Knottnerus OS, Langhanki N, Prummel Vollmer M, Wolff WJ (2005) Human transformation of the Wadden Sea ecosystem through time: a synthesis. Helgoland Marine Research 59:71-83

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Myers RA, Worm B (2005) Extinction, survival, or recovery of large predatory fishes Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B 360:13-20

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Reusch TBH, Ehlers A, Hämmerli A, Worm B (2005) Ecosystem recovery after climatic extremes enhanced by genotypic diversity. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 102:2826–2831

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Worm B, Sandow M, Oschlies A, Lotze HK, Myers RA (2005) Global patterns of predator diversity in the open oceans. Science 309:1365-1369

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2004

 Worm B, Myers RA (2004) Managing fisheries in a changing climate. Nature 429:15 (letter)

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Wahl M, Molis M, Davis A, Dobretsov S, Dürr ST, Johansson J, Kinley J, Kirugara D, Langer M, Lotze HK, Thiel M, Thomason JC, Worm B, Zeevi Ben-Yosef D  (2004) UV effects that come and go: a global comparison of marine benthic community level impacts. Global Change Biology 10:1962-1972

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2003

 Baum JK, Myers RA, Kehler D, Worm B, Harley SJ, Doherty PA (2003) Collapse and conservation of shark populations in the Northwest Atlantic. Science 299: 389-392

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 Myers RA, Worm B (2003) Rapid worldwide depletion of predatory fish communities. Nature 423:280-283

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Worm B, Duffy JE (2003) Biodiversity, productivity, and stability in real food webs. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 18:628-632

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Worm B, Lotze HK, Myers RA (2003) Predator diversity hotspots in the blue ocean. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 100:9884-9888

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Worm B, Myers RA (2003) Meta-analysis of cod-shrimp interactions reveals top-down control in oceanic food webs. Ecology 84: 162–173

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2002

 Worm B, Lotze HK, Hillebrand H, Sommer U (2002) Consumer versus resource control of species diversity and ecosystem functioning. Nature 417:848-851

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Lotze HK, Worm B (2002) Complex interaction of ecological and climatic controls on macroalgal recruitment. Limnology and Oceanography 47:1734-1741

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Lotze HK, Worm B, Molis M, Wahl M (2002) Effects of UV radiation and consumers on recruitment and succession of a marine macrobenthic community. Marine Ecology Progress Series: 243:57-66

Lotze_etal_20021.pdf download View | Download

2001

Lotze HK, Worm B, Sommer U (2001) Strong bottom-up and top-down control of early life stages of macroalgae. Limnology and Oceanography 46:749-757

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Worm B, Lotze HK, Sommer U (2001) Algal propagule banks modify competition, consumer and resource control on Baltic rocky shores. Oecologia 128:281-293

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2000

   Worm B, Sommer U (2000) Rapid direct and indirect effects of a single nutrient pulse in a seaweed-epiphyte-grazer system. Marine Ecology Progress Series 202:282-288

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 Hillebrand H, Worm B, Lotze HK (2000) Marine microbenthic community structure regulated by nitrogen loading and herbivore pressure. Marine Ecology Progress Series 204:27-38

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 Lotze HK, Worm B, Sommer U (2000) Propagule banks, herbivory and nutrient supply control population development and dominance patterns in macroalgal blooms. Oikos 85:46-58

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 Worm B, Reusch TBH (2000) Do nutrient availability and plant density limit seagrass colonization in the Baltic Sea? Marine Ecology Progress Series 200:159-166

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 Worm B, Reusch TBH, Lotze HK (2000) In situ nutrient enrichment: methods for marine benthic ecology. International Reviews in Hydrobioloy 85:359-375

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 Worm B, Reusch TBH, Lotze HK (2000) In situ nutrient enrichment: methods for marine benthic ecology. International Reviews in Hydrobioloy 85:359-375

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Lotze HK, Worm B (2000) Variable and complementary effects of herbivores on different life stages of bloom-forming macroalgae. Marine Ecology Progress Series 200:167-175

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Worm B, Lotze HK, Sommer U (2000) Coastal food-web structure, carbon storage and nitrogen retention regulated by consumer pressure and nutrient loading. Limnology and Oceanography 45:339-349

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1999

 Worm B, Lotze HK, Boström C, Engkvist R, Labanauskas V, Sommer U (1999) Marine diversity shift linked to interactions among grazers, nutrients and dormant propagules. Marine Ecology Progress Series 185:309-314

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Lotze HK, Schramm W, Schories D, Worm B (1999) Control of macroalgal blooms at early developmental stages: Pilayella littoralis versus Enteromorpha spp. Oecologia 119:46-54

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1998

Worm B, Chapman ARO (1998) Relative effects of elevated grazing pressure and competition by a red algal turf on two post-settlement stages of Fucus evanescens C. Ag. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 220:247-268

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1996

Worm B, Chapman ARO (1996) Interference competition among two intertidal seaweeds: Chondrus crispus strongly affects survival of Fucus evanescens recruits. Marine Ecology Progress Series 145:297-308

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